Sun Gods

Throughout human existence many civilizations have praised the life giving abilities of the Sun and have treated it as a deity. Below are a list of different Gods and Goddesses associated with the Sun.

In many mythologies the Sun is often a male and he chases a female Moon goddess across the skies. This is reversed in Norse mythology as the Sun (Sol) is a female and the Moon (Mani) is male.

NameNationality/ReligionGod or Goddess?Notes
AmaterasuJapanSun GoddessMajor deity of the Shinto religion.
Arinna (Hebat)Hittite (Syrian)Sun GoddessThe most important of three Hittite major solar deities
ApolloRomanSun God 
FreyrNorseSun GodA fertility god associated with the sun.
HeliosGreekSun GodBefore Apollo was the Greek sun god, Helios held that position. Helios road a chariot.
Huitzilopochtli (Uitzilopochtli)AztecSun God 
Hvar KhshaitaIranian/PersianSun God 
IntiIncaSun GodThe national patron of the Inca state.
LizaWest AfricanSun God 
LughCelticSun God 
MithrasIranian/PersianSun God 
RaEgyptMid-day Sun GodAn Egyptian god shown with a solar disk. Center of worship was Heliopolis. Later associated with Horus as Re-Horakhty. Also combined with Amun as Amun-Ra, a solar creator god.
Shemesh/ShepeshUgaritSun goddess 
Sol (Sunna)NorseSun GoddessShe rides in a horse-drawn solar chariot.
Sol InvictusRomanSun GodThe unconquered sun. The title was also used of Mithras.
SuryaHinduSun GodRides the sky in a horse-drawn chariot.
TonatiuhAztecSun God 
Utu (Shamash)MesopotamiaSun God